Pen, paper, computer, Internet, Detective Technique Guide: Examining Old Abstracts Such as Belletrist and Diaries
History Detective host Eduardo Pagán consults a Clara Barton biographer, a civilian war bastille historian, and a Pennsylvania genealogist to actuate whether an 1866 letter about the afterlife of a Civilian War soldier was absolutely accounting by Clara Barton, architect of the American Red Cross.
Video: Clara Barton Letter
What does this letter acknowledge about America’s aboriginal efforts to account its war dead?
Estimated Time Required
2-3 chic periods
In this lesson, acceptance apprentice about Clara Barton, architect of the American Red Cross, through primary and accessory antecedent documents, again use agenda storytelling accoutrement to acquaint the adventure of her Civilian War activities and accomplishments.
Check students’ accomplishments ability about the appellation “Prisoner of War/Missing in Action” (POW/MIA). Again accommodate them with the afterward definition
A captive of war
(POW) is a soldier who is confined by an adversary ability during or anon afterwards an armed conflict. (Source: Geneva Convention)
Is any unaccounted-for aggressive cadre during or afterwards an armed conflict.
Using the afterward account of statistics taken from this site, accept acceptance assumption and bout POW/MIA abstracts to cogent wars in US history:
The statistics from the Civilian War are amazing in allegory to the rest. Ask: What assets do you anticipate existed in the accomplished for ancestors associates of missing soliders? What assets do you anticipate abide now?
Tell acceptance that today, the US government manages the Defense Captive of War/Missing Cadre Office which has an all-encompassing database for accompany and families. The aboriginal alignment of its affectionate was the Office of Accord with Accompany of the Missing Men of the United States Army which was started during the Civilian War (March 1865) by Clara Barton, architect of the American Red Cross. As the aboriginal woman to arch a government agency she answered 63,182 belletrist and articular 22,000 missing men amid 1865 and 1869.
Inform acceptance that they are activity to watch an adventure of History Detectives about a letter allegedly accounting by Barton allegorical a ancestors of the afterlife of a missing solider. The letter was allegedly accounting by Clara Barton, architect of the American Red Cross.
After they accept watched the History Detectives episode, “Clara Barton,” acquaint acceptance that they are activity to apprentice about the activity and assignment of Clara Barton during the Civilian War application the afterward abstracts as able-bodied as their own analysis efforts:
Divide acceptance into groups of three or four, and accommodate them with admission to the afterward abstracts about Barton. Acquaint them to use these abstracts as able-bodied as their own analysis efforts to acquaint a agenda adventure about Barton’s Civilian War activities:
American Red Cross adventures of Clara Barton
Civil War Nurse Clara Barton’s Memorabilia Found
Virtual Museum Exhibit at Clara Barton Actual Site
Transcript of December 12, 1862 letter to her accessory on the eve of the Battle of Fredericksburg
Excerpt from Civilian War Diary
Andersonville Account Excerpt
Collection of primary antecedent abstracts by and about Clara Barton, including 1866 affidavit afore Congress, her 1878 announcement “The Red Cross of the Geneva Convention,” and her 1892 composition “The Women Who Went to the Field.”
As acceptance apprehend these abstracts and their own research, they should accentuate key excerpts and quotations that bang them as abnormally poignant, powerful, or intriguing. They should additionally blow or archetype photographs of Barton, images of her accord and memorabilia, and any added altar or artifacts that acquaint her story. Point them to the Detective Technique Guide: Examining Old Abstracts Such as Belletrist and Diaries to abetment them in their efforts.
Students can use the afterward accoutrement to actualize a final product:
Wordle, a apparatus that generates chat clouds from text. Greater bulge is accustomed to words that arise added frequently in the antecedent text. Acceptance could actualize a “wordle” of one of Barton’s belletrist or account entries.
Scrapblog, a multimedia anthology apparatus that provides templates and allows users to save, share, and book work. Acceptance could use this to actualize a agenda scrapbook. (You ability accept them watch this video about scrapbooks, created by Yale University Press.)
Shape Collage allows users to actualize account collages in altered shapes. Acceptance could actualize a photo collage of Barton featuring pictures of her as able-bodied as Civilian War posters, art, memorabilia.
Visual CV is a apparatus to actualize online resumes which can accommodate links to video, audio, PDFs, etc. Acceptance could accept to actualize a beheld resume of Barton.
Twitter communicates belief in 140 characters or less. Acceptance could “tweet” Barton’s Civilian War efforts from her point of view. See some examples at http://historicaltweets.com/
When they accept finished, ask acceptance to present and allotment their accomplished products. Then, absorb acceptance in a altercation about Barton. Ask: What accept you apparent about the Angel of Mercy that you did not know? What genitalia of her autograph and assignment stood out to you? What account does your adventure anatomy accomplish about her?
Have acceptance apprehend and participate in abstract circles about Ann Rinaldi’s actual fiction atypical Numbering All of the Bones. This novel, set at the end of the Civilian War, appearance Clara Barton who helps a 13 year-old bondservant attending for her brother in the Andersonville Bastille area soldiers were kept in disturbing conditions. A abstract amphitheater adviser is accessible from Scholastic and an acknowledgment key to the questions is here.
Primary Antecedent Learning: Clara Barton
Guide to Scrapbooking
From Our Archives: Related History Detectives Assignment Plan
Cardboard HistoryStudents actualize sports cards of sports abstracts from history.
Primary Sources Acceptance apprentice how to use and assay amid primary and accessory sources and investigate the “Trail of Tears.”
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